Node.js is a popular server-side scripting platform with which one can easily build everything from simple command line programs to complex enterprise-level web applications. With the popularity of Node.js and the number of jobs rising, you have the chance to enjoy career opportunities at various levels. However, this calls for thorough preparation to get you the competitive edge as every industry seeks to absorb the most Node.js competent individuals.
This article looks at the most commonly asked Node.js questions to help you prepare for a job interview. The questions are divided into three sections according to the difficulty level: basic or beginner level, moderate, and advanced.
Beginners Level Node.js Questions
1. What is Node.js?
2. Where can you use Node.js?
Given that it is based on an event-driven architecture where I/O runs asynchronously, Node.js is lightweight and efficient. Node.js can be used for large scale application development for:
- Video streaming sites
- General purpose applications
- Real-time web applications
- Server-Client applications
- Distributed systems, and
- Network applications.
V8 (Google Chrome)
V8, Spider Monkey (Firefox), JS Core (Safari).
Interpreter/Scripting & environment
Access or perform non-blocking activities
- What are the major benefits of using Node.js?
Some benefits of Node.js over other frameworks include:
- Everything is synchronous
- It allows great concurrency
- Scalability due to its non-blocking I/O capability
- No data buffering
- It's open source, offering a unified programming language and data type
4. How does Node.js work?
Below is an illustration of the Node.js working principles. Figure 1: https://www.simplilearn.com/ice9/free_resources_article_thumb/Node.js_Architecture_Workflow.png
5. What's the difference between Node.js and Angular?
Can generate queries in database
Simplifies an application into MVC architecture
Cross-platform run-time environment
Has many different frameworks
A web-application framework itself
Ideal for developing small size projects
Best for highly active and interactive web apps
Written in TypeScript
Table 2: Node.js Vs. Angular
6. Why is node.js single-threaded?
To ensure support for asynchronous processing or functions for I/O operations, making it scalable and efficient for applications to perform highly under high load amounts.
7. What is the control flow function?
ThE control flow function is a common code snippet that executes any time asynchronous function calls are made to evaluate the order in which the functions are executed in Node.js.
8. How many types of API functions are there in node.js?
There are 2, namely:
- Asynchronous, non-blocking functions
- Synchronous, blocking functions
9. What are the input arguments for an asynchronous queue?
The two main arguments for an asynchronous queue are:
- Concurrency value
- Task function
10. What Is package.json?
The package.json is a JSON file which the heart of the whole application. It contains the metadata relevant to the project where the package properties are defined.
11. What Is REPL in Node.js?
REPL stands for Read, Eval, Print, and Loop, which translates into evaluating the code on the go.
12. Define event-driven programming?
This is an approach that relies on events from external programs or sources to trigger various functions. It mainly involves event handling and event selection. Event-based programming makes Node.js faster compared to other frameworks.
Intermediate Node.js Interview Questions
- What do you understand by a callback function in Node.js?
A callback is a function called after a given operation or task, thus, preventing blocking and enabling other code to run in the meantime.
- What do you understand by callback hell?
Also known as the Pyramid of Doom, a callback hell is a pattern that results from unreadable, unwieldy, and intensively nested callbacks caused by improper implementation of the asynchronous logic. It typically comprises multiple nested callback functions that make it difficult to read and debug the code.
- What is an event loop in node.js, and how does it work?
An event loop in Node.js handles all asynchronous callbacks in an application. It's one of Node.js' strongholds and enables non-blocking I/O, as seen in Figure 3: https://www.edureka.co/blog/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/Event-Handler.png
- What is an error-first callback in node.js?
Error-first callbacks in Node.js are functions used to pass errors and data.
- What is the difference between front-end and back-end development?
Uses mark up and web languages like HTML, CSS, and JS languages like Python and Ruby
Uses programming and scripting
Used for SEO
Used for backup
Based on asynchronous request and AJAX
Based on Server Architecture
Table 3: Front-end Vs. Back-end development
- How does Node.js ensure security?
Security is implemented in Node.js through:
- Error handling protocols
- What is the main framework used in Node.js?
While Node.js has many frameworks such as Hapi.js, Adonis.js, Sails.js, and Hapi.js, Express.js is the most popular due to its ability to provide good scalability, flexibility, and minimalism.
- What is Libuv?
Libuv is Node.js' library that enables asynchronous I/O with some unique features:
- Full-featured event loop backed
- Asynchronous file and file system functionalities
- Child processes
- File system events
- Asynchronous TCP and UDP sockets.
- How do you implement the asynchronous function in Node.js?
- Can you explain the middleware concept in Node.js?
The middleware is a function that comes between your request and business logic. It receives request and response objects. Middleware mostly:
- Execute code
- Invoke the next middleware
- Update or modify request and response objects
- Completes the request-response cycle.
Passport is one of the most widely used middleware in Node.js. However, one can write their own middleware or use third-party ones for specific use cases.
- Explain the process.nextTick() and setlmmediate() functions
The process.nextTick() and setImmediate() are functions of the Timers module that enable code execution after a specific period of time. The former waits until an event loop is completed before invoking a callback function, while the latter executes a callback function on the following cycle of the event loop to execute I/O operations.
Other Node.js timing features include setInterval/clearInterval and setTimeout/clearTimeout.
Advanced Node.js Interview Questions
- What is an EventEmitter in Nod.js?
An EventEmitter is a Node.js class containing all the objects capable of emitting events. Anytime these objects throw an event, the attached functions are invoked synchronously.
- What types of streams are available in Node.js?
Node.js supports various streams, including:
- Duplex for both reading and writing data
- Readable streams for reading large data chucks from the source
- Writable streams for writing chunks of data to destinations
- Transform streams for modifying data
- Why should the Express "app" and "server" be kept separate?
Separating the Express "app" and "server" separates the API declaration from network-related configurations. Doing so allows:
- Testing the API in-process without the need to conduct network calls
- Quicker testing execution
- Better concerns and cleaner code separation
- Wider code coverage metrics
- Flexible deployment of the same API for different network conditions
- What is NODE_ENV, and how is it used in Node.js?
NODE-ENV or node environment is an environmental variable that enables users to set and detect which environment they are in during project development. Setting NODE_ENV to production makes the application perform up to 3 times faster.
- What's the difference between Node.js and Ajax?
- Does Node.js provide any debugger?
- What is WASI?
The Web Assembly System Interface (WASI) class implements the WASI system referred to as API and additional convenient methods for interacting with WASI-based applications in Node.js.
- What is a thread pool, and which library handles it in Node.js
The thread pool is handled by the libuv library, a multiplatform C library that supports asynchronous, non-blocking I/O operations like networking and file systems.
- What's the use of a buffer class in Node.js?
- What is the difference between readFile and createReadStream in Node.js?
readFile is used to read the contents of a file asynchronously into a file before they become accessible to the user. createReadstream, on the other hand, breaks up the field into smaller chunks before reading it.
Other Node.js Interview Questions
Apart from the technical questions, the interviewer might ask you some additional questions such as:
- Why do you think you're the right candidate for this Node.js position?
To answer this question correctly, you must adequately know the job description and align them to your know-how, experience, and the company.
- What is your experience with Node.js?
With this question, the interviewer wants to know if you have experience working with Node.js. Elaborate where you've worked and how much hands-on knowledge you have with Node.js without coming out as boastful.
The Bottom Line
Node.js is becoming popular. There are more Node.js jobs for you in almost every industry. All you have to do is train with us at Sabio. We have competitive coding bootcamps to help you be among the best Node.js technicians. Please don't hesitate to contact us today to get started or schedule a meeting.
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